Learning the Piano: A Comparison of Popular Piano Teaching Methods

Selecting an appropriate piano teaching method can be a complex task, given the variety of available options such as Alfred’s, Bastien, Faber, and Suzuki, among others. Each teaching method provides its unique approach and focuses on distinct aspects of piano learning – some may emphasize reading music, others might lean towards playing by ear, technique, or theory, and they might use different teaching styles. However, all of them share a common goal, which is to equip learners with necessary skills for piano playing. In this blog post, we aim to provide a detailed comparison of these widely used piano teaching methods. We will evaluate their key features and suitability for different learners based on a set of defined criteria. This information will assist you in making an informed decision when choosing the right method for your piano learning journey.

The Methods

  1. Alfred’s Basic Piano Library: This method offers a progressive system for learning how to play piano, including technique, theory, and sight reading. The lessons are easy to follow, with well-structured and systematic approaches to learning.
  2. Bastien Piano Basics: The Bastien method provides a step-by-step program to music education and uses a multi-key approach to teach music theory and piano playing.
  3. Faber Piano Adventures: This is a comprehensive piano method that teaches a broad range of skills, including scales, chords, note reading, and more. It uses a variety of music genres to keep students engaged.
  4. Suzuki Method: Unlike other methods, Suzuki focuses on learning by ear before introducing music reading. It also emphasizes the importance of a nurturing learning environment, consistent practice, and listening to music regularly.
  5. Hal Leonard Piano Method: This method is widely recognized for its well-paced lessons and engaging music. It incorporates theory and technique into a comprehensive and enjoyable piano learning process.
  6. John Thompson’s Modern Course for the Piano: This classic piano method is known for its effective, time-tested approach to piano learning. It emphasizes musicality from the beginning, teaching piano skills along with an understanding of music.
  7. ABRSM (The Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music): Although not a method book per se, ABRSM is well-known for its graded piano exams and accompanying piano pieces, scales, sight-reading, and aural tests materials.
  8. The Music Tree: This method takes a unique interval approach to reading music. Students learn to recognize patterns of intervals instead of reading individual notes.
  9. The Russian School of Piano Playing: This is one of the most popular piano methods from Russia. It places a strong focus on finger independence and technical skill.

Remember, the best piano method depends on the individual learner’s needs, interests, and goals. A good piano teacher can adapt and combine different methods to best serve their students.

Comparison Criteria

When comparing various piano methods, you might consider the following criteria:

  1. Approach to Theory: Does the method integrate music theory lessons from the beginning, or does it prioritize playing and introduce theory later? Some students might prefer learning the “why” behind the music as they go, while others might want to start making music first and delve into theory later.
  2. Approach to Technique: How does the method handle the teaching of technique? Some methods start with five-finger positions and progress to scales and arpeggios, while others might introduce these elements earlier or later.
  3. Reading vs. Playing by Ear: Some methods, like Suzuki, emphasize playing by ear before reading music. Others prioritize reading notation from the start.
  4. Repertoire: What kind of music does the method use? Does it stick to classical pieces, or does it incorporate popular music, folk songs, or other genres? The choice of repertoire can significantly affect a student’s interest and motivation.
  5. Pedagogical Approach: Does the method use a step-by-step, gradual approach where each skill builds on the last? Or does it take a more holistic approach, introducing many concepts at once? Some students do better with a linear approach, while others prefer a more rounded, comprehensive method.
  6. Multi-Key vs. Fixed-Position: Some methods start with a fixed hand position and gradually introduce new notes, while others move around the keyboard more freely. This may affect a student’s understanding of the keyboard and their comfort with moving around it.
  7. Age Appropriateness: Some methods are designed specifically for children, with colorful illustrations and simple language, while others are more suitable for older students or adults.
  8. Accompaniments and Duet Parts: Some methods include accompaniment tracks or duet parts that make practice more enjoyable and allow students to understand the context of ensemble playing.
  9. Supplementary Materials: Does the method offer supplementary materials like theory books, performance books, technique books, etc., which align with the lessons in the method book?
  10. Cultural Diversity: Does the method include pieces from various cultures and musical traditions, thus promoting cultural diversity and understanding?

Each of these criteria can affect a student’s progress, enjoyment, and long-term commitment to learning the piano. It’s always a good idea to discuss these aspects with a prospective teacher or try out a few methods to see what works best.

Comparison Table

Certainly! Here is a simple comparison table for the piano methods mentioned earlier. Please note that this table is a generalized overview and might not capture every specific detail about each method.

Criteria Alfred’s Bastien Faber Suzuki Hal Leonard Thompson ABRSM The Music Tree Russian School
Theory Integration Early Early Early Later Early Early Early Early Early
Technique Focus Moderate High High High Moderate High High High High
Reading vs. Playing by Ear Reading Reading Reading Ear Reading Reading Reading Reading Reading
Repertoire Mixed Mixed Mixed Classical Mixed Mixed Classical Mixed Classical
Pedagogical Approach Step-by-step Step-by-step Step-by-step Holistic Step-by-step Step-by-step Step-by-step Interval-based Step-by-step
Multi-Key vs. Fixed-Position Multi-Key Multi-Key Multi-Key Fixed-Position Multi-Key Multi-Key Multi-Key Multi-Key Multi-Key
Age Appropriateness All ages All ages All ages Younger children All ages All ages All ages All ages All ages
Accompaniments Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Limited Yes Yes Limited
Supplementary Materials Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cultural Diversity Yes Limited Yes Limited Yes Limited Yes Limited Limited


In conclusion, choosing the right piano method is a personal journey that depends on the learner’s individual needs, interests, and learning style. Whether it’s the traditional and methodical approach of Alfred’s, the ear-training emphasis of Suzuki, the comprehensive learning strategy of Faber, or any of the other methods we’ve explored, the key is to find a method that resonates with the student. Each method offers unique advantages and suits different learning styles and objectives. As such, the choice of a piano method can significantly influence the learner’s engagement, progress, and long-term commitment to the instrument. It’s also important to note that a skilled piano teacher can adapt and blend elements from different methods to customize instruction. Ultimately, the goal is to foster a love of music, cultivate technical skill, and build a solid foundation for ongoing musical growth and exploration. Whichever method you choose, let it guide you towards a rewarding and joyful journey with the piano.

Similar Posts