Does AI lack creativity to compose high-quality music?

The question of whether AI lacks the creativity to compose high-quality music is a multifaceted one that intersects with the fields of computer science, psychology, and aesthetics.

  1. Creativity in Music: In human terms, creativity in music is often associated with the ability to generate new melodies, harmonies, rhythms, and structures that not only conform to the existing norms of music theory but also transcend them in emotionally or intellectually impactful ways.
  2. AI in Music Composition: Machine learning models like OpenAI’s MuseNet and Google’s Magenta have been developed to generate music based on existing compositions. These models are usually trained on vast datasets comprising a variety of musical genres and styles, and they generate music by predicting the next note, chord, or sequence based on what they’ve learned.


  • High-quality‘ is subjective and can differ from person to person.
  • Creativity involves not just imitation but also innovation and the generation of new ideas or structures.

Step-by-Step Thinking:

  1. Data-Driven: AI models are fundamentally data-driven, meaning they rely on existing data to generate new compositions. They are exceptionally good at mimicking the styles and structures they’ve been trained on.
  2. Lack of Innovation: While these models can produce technically proficient compositions, they generally do not introduce fundamentally new concepts in music. Their creations are often a recombination of existing musical ideas.
  3. Emotional Connection: Human composers often infuse their work with emotional or intellectual depth, based on lived experiences or complex thought processes, something that current AI models can’t emulate.
  4. Audience Perception: Another aspect to consider is how the audience perceives the ‘quality’ of music. If a composition resonates emotionally or intellectually, it’s often considered high-quality, regardless of the source.

So, while AI can generate music that is technically proficient and may even be considered high-quality by some metrics or audiences, it does generally lack the kind of creative innovation and emotional depth typically associated with great human compositions. Therefore, it can be said that, as of now, AI does lack the full spectrum of creativity required to compose universally acknowledged high-quality music.

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