Do You Really Need a Dedicated Synthesizer?

Synthesizers, since their inception in the 1960s, have always held a unique spot in the world of music production. By the late 20th century, a huge wave of digital tools started to emerge, questioning the necessity of traditional synthesizers.

Why Consider a Dedicated Synthesizer?

Immediate Tactile Control

One of the most compelling arguments in favor of dedicated synthesizers is the tactile experience they offer. A physical knob or fader can offer an immediacy in sound shaping that’s difficult to emulate with a mouse or touchpad. For instance, consider the act of modulating a parameter in real-time during a performance. On a synthesizer like the Moog Subsequent 37, the entire process is direct and intuitive, as opposed to navigating through a series of plugins in a DAW.

Standalone Functionality

Dedicated synthesizers operate independently of a computer. This can be particularly useful in live settings where software glitches or computer crashes can be catastrophic. Brands like Korg and Roland have developed synthesizers, such as the Prologue or the JUPITER-X, that have built-in sequencers, effects, and multi-timbral capabilities, enabling complete compositions without the need for external devices.

Sound Characteristics

Each synthesizer, especially analog ones, has its unique sonic character. The Sequential Prophet-5, for example, is renowned for its lush pads and crisp leads. On the other hand, digital synthesizers bring unique algorithms and sound design possibilities, as seen with Yamaha’s FM synthesis on the DX7.

Potential Limitations of Dedicated Synths


One undeniable drawback of dedicated synthesizers is their cost. A premium synthesizer can easily run upwards of several thousand dollars. When you consider that most DAWs come with versatile soft synths included, the financial argument can lean towards software.

Portability and Space

Dedicated synthesizers, especially larger polyphonic models, require space and are not always travel-friendly. In contrast, a laptop with a DAW and a plethora of soft synths can be conveniently carried in a backpack.

Flexibility and Updates

Software synthesizers can be frequently updated with new features and patches. While some modern hardware synthesizers do offer firmware updates, they can’t match the frequency and expansiveness of software updates. Moreover, the vast array of plugins available ensures that soft synths can always evolve, change, and adapt to current music trends.

Hybrid Approaches: Meeting in the Middle

Integrating Hardware with Software

Many modern synthesizers offer MIDI functionality, allowing them to seamlessly integrate with DAWs. This combination offers the tactile feedback of hardware with the flexibility of software. Elektron’s Analog Four, for instance, provides Overbridge technology, enabling the synthesizer to function almost like a VST plugin within a DAW.

Controller-based Solutions

MIDI controllers, paired with software synthesizers, can also emulate the tactile experience of dedicated synthesizers. Native Instruments’ Komplete Kontrol series, for example, provides pre-mapped controls for many popular soft synths, giving users the sensation of working with a hardware instrument.

Conclusion: To Synth or Not to Synth?

The question of whether one requires a dedicated synthesizer isn’t black and white. For some, the tactile experience, standalone functionality, and unique sound characteristics of a dedicated synthesizer are invaluable. For others, the convenience, portability, and expansive possibilities of software synthesizers are paramount.

While there are significant advantages to having a dedicated synthesizer, the contemporary music producer has the luxury of choosing from an array of tools, both hardware and software. It isn’t about one being superior to the other, but about how each tool can best serve the musical vision at hand.

For those on the fence, perhaps the most prudent approach is to assess your musical goals, budget, and workflow preferences. As we’ve seen, there are compelling arguments on both sides, and what’s paramount is ensuring that your chosen tools resonate with your creative journey.

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