Do-It-Yourself: Crafting a Custom Piano Bench for Your Space

The intimate relationship between a pianist and their instrument is often visualized through the beautiful melodies they create. But there’s an unsung hero in this relationship: the piano bench. Just as the piano needs to be in tune for optimal sound, the piano bench, specifically designed for piano playing, offers more play comfort than a regular chair and needs to be comfortable and well-fitted for the pianist to ensure maximum focus and proficiency.

Understanding the Importance of a Suitable Bench

The Ergonomic Aspect

While it might seem trivial, the height, width, and padding of a piano bench can significantly influence a pianist’s performance. An unsuitable bench can lead to poor posture, which over time can result in back or neck pain. A custom-made bench that fits the pianist’s body type and playing style can improve posture and consequently enhance playing skills. Notably, some benches even come with the capability to slightly tilt the seat, optimizing ergonomic posture further.

The Aesthetic Component

Beyond the ergonomic aspect, a custom piano bench offers an opportunity to match or contrast your interior decor. The right bench can complete the overall look of your music room or living space where your piano resides. With a vast array of colors and styles available, it’s common for concert stages to choose a bench color that complements the instrument.

The Blueprint: Designing Your Bench

Measurements Matter

  1. Height: A standard piano bench height ranges from 18 to 22 inches. However, for your custom bench, consider your own height and the height of the piano. Sit at your piano and measure the distance from the floor to the back of your knees. This will give you an optimal bench height.
  2. Width: This varies depending on whether it’s a solo bench or a duet bench. For instance, some benches are designed extra wide to facilitate ‘quatre-mains’ play.
  3. Depth: A depth of around 14 inches should be sufficient for most pianists.

Types of Piano Benches

  1. Beethoven Chair: Named after Ludwig van Beethoven, this adjustable chair features a backrest. Some variations have a knob behind the backrest for height adjustments, while others utilize a toothed clamp.
  2. Swivel Leg Stool: Features a round seat attached to a threaded tripod, allowing height adjustments by rotating the seat.
  3. Piano Bench: This is the most common type, featuring a rectangular seat without a backrest. Its height can be adjusted with a rotating mechanism connected to a scissoring hinge, controlled by knobs on the side. Some advanced versions even come with hydraulic systems for height adjustments.

Choosing the Material


  • Pros: Durable, easy to work with, and offers a classic look.
  • Example: Oak or mahogany can be ideal for this purpose, offering sturdiness and a pleasing aesthetic.


  • Pros: Modern appeal, and potentially lighter than wood.
  • Example: Steel or aluminum frames can be considered if you’re aiming for a sleeker look.

Comfort is Key: Padding and Upholstery

Most modern benches boast a leather (or faux-leather) seat padded with springy material like foam or cotton, ensuring better comfort than the older wooden seats. There are also fabric upholstered and buttoned seat options. Some benches feature a slightly curved surface, allowing the pianist to sit in a small indentation, providing better stability but restricting hip movement.

Constructing Your Bench: A Step-by-Step Guide

1. Gather Your Tools and Materials

Before you begin, assemble the necessary tools:

  • Saw (for wood benches)
  • Welding tools (for metal benches)
  • Measuring tape
  • Sandpaper
  • Screws and screwdriver
  • Foam and upholstery fabric
  • Staple gun

2. Building the Frame

  1. For Wood:
    • Cut the wood into pieces based on your measurements.
    • Assemble the pieces, securing them with screws.
  2. For Metal:
    • Shape the metal using your tools.
    • Weld the joints for stability.

3. Adding the Padding

  1. Cut the foam to fit the top of the bench frame.
  2. Use adhesive to fix the foam in place.

4. Upholstering

  1. Spread the upholstery fabric on a flat surface, face down.
  2. Place the bench (with foam attached) upside-down on the fabric.
  3. Pull the fabric tightly over the foam and bench, stapling it underneath the bench’s frame.

5. Finishing Touches

  1. Sand any rough edges if you’ve chosen a wooden bench.
  2. Add protective pads to the bottom of the bench legs to prevent scratching your floor.

Maintaining Your Bench

A custom bench might require a bit more attention than a store-bought one. Regularly check for any loose screws or wobbly parts and tighten them as needed. Clean the upholstery according to the fabric care guidelines, and consider occasionally reapplying a protective finish to a wooden bench to maintain its luster.

In Conclusion

Creating a custom piano bench is not just about saving costs or having a DIY project; it’s about crafting a piece that resonates with your style, offers comfort, and complements your space. As you play those heartwarming tunes on your piano, let your custom bench be a testament to your craftsmanship and dedication to your art. Notably, some pianists, like Glenn Gould, have been known to modify their benches, such as by cutting the legs shorter to sit lower, enhancing their playing technique. Customizing your bench allows you to make such personal adjustments, further showcasing the depth of the bond between a pianist and their instrument.

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